What Is Spindle Cell Sarcoma?

It is a type of cancer that is quite rare and is mostly known to begin from the skin or any forms of soft tissue surroundings like in some particular organs. This type of tumor has also some rare occurrence in the bone tissue.

The term was coined after the first diagnosis, this is because they appear to be spindle shaped when viewed under a microscope. The determinant factor of this cancer is its formation. They begin in layers of connective tissue and mostly under the skin where two or more muscles connect.

The observation can be determined in various ways and the most obvious way is a small lump that also portrays some inflammation. This inflammation begins to develop slowly by slowly through out every stage.

In the first stage, this lump isn’t that noticeable and it is usually self-contained so the probability of cancerous malignant presence could be voted out, however, the naked eye could vote out this aspect but with a close observation of the tumor through a microscope, cancer forms can be identified. During the first stage, it is easy to treat this tumor through excision of both the cancer formation and an additional margin of a healthy tissue.

To ensure that it is fully treated, a thorough biopsy can be conducted and hence further excision if need be. The diagnosis in the first stage of this cancer is usually positive although if there is a further progression to the second and third stages, the diagnosis or prognosis could be worse since most of the cancer causing cells have already spread to other locations throughout the body. It is realized that at the second and third stages respectively the cancer forming cells could even have spread to locations like the lungs, kidneys, the liver or any other form of soft tissue.

If you wait this long to get a diagnosis, it would be very complex to treat it by excision but rather radiation and chemotherapy would be the best methods to handle such. Be advised that at these stages it can only be possible to control the cells from further multiplication and thus it is very necessary not to vote out and possible chances of formation of this kind of cancer.

There are various reasons that are known as determinant factors that can lead to formation of this type of cancer. Some of these reasons include genetic predisposition as well as other underlying factors like injuries, inflammations especially to patients already at rare risks of such tumors. This means that this type of cancer mostly occurs when the body tries to fight and cure from body related injuries and this is how it begins.

When there is an infection or injury or any related immune response mechanism, connective tissues take up the responsibility to begin healing through division and hence if chances are that the tissue could be diagnosed as spindle cell sarcoma then there is a higher risk of cancerous development which would later lead to the formation of that tumor.

Like we have said before, when the connective tissue cells start fighting other forms of negative immunity responses and the affected cells take up the shape of a spindle, and the symptoms are obvious including fatigue although most of the signs vary from one victim to another dependence on the size and the stage of the tumor.

This is not all; the location of the tumor also leads to difference in signs or symptoms to be portrayed by the patient. When the prognosis is done at an earlier stage, there are chances that there wouldn’t be more spread, this is more so in case of the patient was diagnosed at the first stage of the tumor formation as at this stage the signs are related to other common ailments.

What does one mean when he or she speaks of spindle cell sarcoma?

Well, if a tumor has been formed after an injury it means that there has been a release of those cells by the body to act against the negative effects of the injury and during that process, division of these cells occurs fast. Note that they are also part of the connective tissues at the location of the injury. However, they only become malignant if affected by cancer and hence increase rapidly leading to the formation of the spindle cell like tumor.

Genetics is the primary cause of this predisposition in addition to other forms of injuries or inflammation. It is also important to understand that injuries and inflammation that lead to this cancer are only possible to patients who have been predisposed with ailments of such nature in their genes.

How do you know that you have spindle cell sarcoma?

Basically when cells that act upon connective tissues from under the skin where the location is mostly between two or more muscles or other soft organs like kidneys and liver lead to some sorts of swellings which later results to formation of a tumor, this form of prognosis can be said to be spindle cell sarcoma although the determination is further voted in if there is presence of spindle shaped like cells.

Other than that, the tumor must be confined to a certain position within the body. When the condition turns malignant, the spread increases thus moving to other body parts and at those stages the development is confirmed through a special diagnostic tests referred to as biopsy. What happens is that a doctor extracts part of the tumor and places it under a powerful microscope and if spindle shaped forms of cells are present, then this is a concrete prove that it was a sarcoma related form of cancer. It is important to undergo the test at an early stage since when the prognosis takes longer; the chances of containing the spread and further curing it are rare.

Where Does It Get Its Name?

Spindle Cell Sarcoma gets its name from its shape. When you take the cancer cells, and view them under a microscope, they look like little “spindles”.

spindel cell sarcomaThis type of cancer is called “connective tissue cancer”. With this type of cancer, it forms in the connective tissue. When it is in its early stages, the cancer can be dealt with a much higher success rate. When it progresses to stage 2 or 3, it usually spreads. When it spreads, it can be found in a variety of locations.

What is a common treatment for stage 2 or stage 3?

Often when it gets to stage 2 or 3, the only way to treat it is with chemotherapy as well as radiation. For more treatment information click here.

What are some of the causes of this cancer?

If you look at how the body produces spindle cells, it is a natural way for the body to protect itself from injury. Spindle Cells are produced to heal the damaged area. Often the damage is caused by inflammation. Recent studies have shown that there are some people with a genetic condition that gives them a higher risk of developing this type of cancer.

Are There Any Other Related Cancers?

Yes, we there is are two related cancers known as Spindle Cell Neoplasm Sarcoma and Clear Cell Sarcoma Of The Kidney. To read more about these two types and how they are different, check the menu on the right.