Spindle Cell Sarcoma Recurrence

Spindle cell sarcoma is a variety of a cancer of the connective tissue that shows spindle cells when viewed from the microscope. This type of cancer may be formed almost everywhere in the body because of the wide distribution of spindle cells. Even though it may arise from different parts of the body, it is still considered as a very rare kind of cancer.

Cause of Having the Cancer

Spindle cell sarcoma is not only found among humans. Your favorite pets like cats and dogs, and as well as other animals like horses, can also have this kind of cancer. However, the most common site of origin of the tumor differs depending on the creature.

In humans, it is commonly found in the uterus. For cats, it is usually located in the area of vaccination, particularly the FeLV and anti-rabies vaccine. For dogs and equines, this is usually seen on the limb, specifically on the hind legs.

The true cause of the cancer is not yet known. But, researchers notice that formation spindle cell sarcoma tumor is related to injury, inflammation and as well as genetic damage. Taking drugs, alcohol, and being exposed to harmful chemicals and pollution may also add to the risk of having the cancer, they said.

Diagnosis and Treatment for Spindle Cell Sarcoma

There are different sampling techniques that are used in order to know if the lesion is really a cancer or just caused by other reasons. Punch biopsy, endoscopy, needle aspiration and surgery are just some of the diagnosing methods that are used.

For the treatment of the cancer, the best technique that is used is wide surgical removal of the tumor. This surgical removal involves not only the tumor, but as well as surrounding healthy tissues to ensure complete elimination of cancer cells. For best results, it is followed up by radiotherapy or chemotherapy

Local Recurrence of Spindle Cell Sarcoma

There are lots of cases which are reported that there is spindle cell sarcoma recurrence. A study is made among patients that were treated with surgical removal. There is a high recurrence rate of the tumor in patients who undergone conservative surgical removal or conservative amputation. While for those who undergo procedures which involve wide area of surgery, the spindle cell sarcoma recurrence is low.

Conservative surgical removal or conservative amputation is done in order to preserve surrounding healthy tissues. This causes a recurrence of the tumor. Doctors said that there may be few cancer cells that are left and continue to grow and form another tumor.

Usually, the surgical removal is followed up with radiation therapy and chemotherapy. But, complete removal of cancer cells is still not sure enough that is why a wide area of surgery is recommended. However, this is not always possible, especially if the tumor is near a vital structure such as the lungs.

The stage of the tumor also affects the recurrence rate of the spindle cell sarcoma. For early stages, such as stage 1, the tumor doesn’t yet invade adjacent structures, which is why surgical removal is easier and may have a good prognosis. But, for spindle cell sarcoma that is in stage 2 and stage 3, the recurrence rate is high due to invasion to adjacent structures and it usually has a poor prognosis.